Orthopaedics deals with the diseases of the musculoskeletal system (joints, bones, tendons, ligaments and muscles). Pathologic changes may be inborn or acquired. The latter ones include accidents, overexertion and problems due to rheumatic, other autoimmune or metabolic diseases.

For the appropriate treatment the causative factor has to be found first. This can be achieved by taking a thorough history and with the help of physical, laboratory, X-ray, MRI, CT, muscular and nerve function tests.

Best results can be achieved with prevention or causal therapy in the early stage of a disorder. It is inadvisable to wait until the disease “goes away on its own” since persistent symptoms may result in serious, permanent consequences.

In what cases should we seek the medical advice of an orthopaedic specialist?

  • Spinal complaints: most frequently pains of the lower back and the neck
  • Deformity of the foot, problems due to overexertion
  • Changes in ligament and cartilage developed due to knee injuries
  • Degenerative joint disease of the lower limbs (mainly hip and knee joints)
  • Functional disorders of the shoulder joints
  • Deformities and complaints developed due to rheumatic diseases
  • Pain of the upper limb due to overexertion (tennis elbow, inflammation of the tendon sheath, degenerative joint disease of the wrist)
  • Developmental disorders
  • Treatment and rehabilitation of diabetic neuropathy